This guide is only for WSL/Linux. If you are on MacOS, you will need to borrow a Linux machine. You may use the following example if you want to install the tools yourself: E4tHam/tangnano_example.
pip3 install apycula
curl -JOL https://github.com/YosysHQ/oss-cad-suite-build/releases/download/2022-04-30/oss-cad-suite-linux-x64-20220430.tgz
tar -xzvf oss-cad-suite-linux-x64-20220430.tgz -C ~/Utils/
nextpnr-gowin(compiled by myself)
sudo apt install libboost-all-dev
curl -JOL https://ieee.sifferman.dev/S22-FPGA/Lecture/FPGAs/nextpnr-gowin
chmod +x nextpnr-gowin
FPGA stands for field-programmable gate array. They are used to implement digital circuits designed in RTL. There is a good explanation of their architecture in Parallel Programming for FPGAs by Ryan Kastner, Janarbek Matai, and Stephen Neuendorffer, Section 1.2. The following figures are taken from that textbook.